Thyroid disorders. Part III: neoplastic thyroid disease.
Little JW 1. Thyroid tumors are the most common endocrine neoplasms.
Approximately one-quarter of these cancers occur in countries with low socio-economic levels where food deficiencies are implicated in etiology by the imbalance between physical activity and energy intake, while high sugar and fat content are the main factors incriminated in developed countries where a third of the most common cancers occur.
Most of these tumors are benign hyperplastic or colloid nodules or benign follicular adenomas. A major clinical challenge is establishing which nodules are hyperplastic, benign, or malignant.
This type of endocrine cancer types has a high mortality, and the overall survival is endocrine cancer types low. History, clinical findings, ultrasonography, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy endocrine cancer survival rate the mainstays for diagnosis.
There are 3 main histologic types of thyroid cancer: differentiated, medullary, and anaplastic. Differentiated lesions are subdivided into papillary, follicular, and Hurthle cell carcinomas.
In addition, primary lymphoma may occur in the thyroid gland and other cancers may metastasize to the thyroid.
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An important neoplastic syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 MEN2involves medullary carcinoma of the thyroid gland. In there were 10 cases of thyroid cancer per population. The prognosis for anaplastic carcinoma benign cancer synonym very poor and 5-year survival is rare.
The dentist by inspection and palpation of the neck in the area of the thyroid gland may detect single or multiple lesions that may be benign or malignant. Debate: Is there a role for surgical management of metastatic neuroendocrine cancer?
Patients with thyroid cancer will benefit from the early detection and treatment of their lesions as early detection can lead to a endocrine cancer survival rate or prolongation of their life.